UID 2017: Traditional Games Exhibition
Category : Kebudayaan
Exhibition consists of two parts. First is the exhibition of the top 10 of drawing and coloring competition. There are three categories of competition, the 4-7 years old, the 7-10 years old and the 10-15 years old. Here visitors will have chance to choose their most favorite drawing, and the most voted will serve as the winner of the competition. The announcement of the result will be around 14.45 during the workshop. For more information about the drawing and coloring competition, please see here (link to competition).
Second is the exhibition of Indonesian traditional games. It will show the history and how to play several traditional games such as yoyo, gasing, gundu, bekel, and congklak.
Yoyo is a famous international games which also played by Indonesian kids. It is believed that yoyo brought and introduced by Chinese people in Indonesia. The traditional form of yoyo is made of wood and usually sell in front of elementary school yard. Nowadays, the modern form of yoyo is made of steel and with many variation of style to play it.
How to play yoyo it’s very easy. Just follow this video and at least you will be an amateur yoyo player:
This game is normally played by boys. The gangsing is a top made from bamboo with a small opening on the side. This small hole makes the top whistle very distinctively as it Gangsingspins. The size of the hole determines the pitch of the whistle. String is wound around the dowel that goes through the center of the gangsing . The child then holds onto the flat bamboo handle that is tied to the end of the string and pulls this handle to set the gangsing spinning. Normally a circle is drawn on the ground about 50 cm. in diameter. Two children play against each other. The object of the game is to try and knock your opponents gangsing out of the designated circle. Gangsing are commonly sold outside the temples and tourist attractions in Yogyakarta, Central Java.
If you play with your friends or in a competition, the winner is the one who can stay spin longer. Curious? See below video for Indonesian gasing!
Gundu is one of the most popular Indonesia traditional games played all over the Indonesia, it is also called as kanchey in North India and Marbles in English. This game is considered as one of the street game and is banned by many parents nowadays. This game increases the aim and concentration skills. The way to play this game is by holding tautly in the forefinger of the left hand. Then the finger is stretched back like a bow-string by the pressure of the forefinger of the right hand, then the gundu is immediately shooted by releasing the finger. Remember, while pushing the gundu, the left thumb should firmly touch the ground. Follow this movie to be a good shooter!
This is the equivalent of western jacks, and is commonly played by Indonesian girls. The shape of the bekel differs from the western jacks in that they are flat with a small bridge holding the two sides together. On the upper side of the biji bekel there is a small red dot that is called the pit. The under side of the bekel is called a roh. On one of the flat sides of the biji bekel there are small indentations or dots and the other side is smooth.
The game is played is a similar method to jacks, but with a few differences. When the game is started, the biji bekel are all held in the hand of the player and are dropped as the ball is allowed to bounce one time. The player then starts to play by attempting to pick up the biji bekel one at a time without disturbing any of the other biji bekel within the time that it takes the ball to bounce once.
If the player successfully has picked up all of the bekel, he then drops them again and starts the second set of the game. In this set he must attempt to position the biji bekel with the pit facing up again one at a time. This action must be completed while the player throws the ball in the air and allows it to bounce one time. The player must attempt to turn over the bekel without moving any of the other bekel.
If the player completes this successfully, he then picks up the biji bekel one at a time while throwing the ball in the air until he has all of the biji bekel in his hand. He then drops them all again and now picks the biji bekel up two at a time and then three at a time, etc. until he picks up all the biji bekel with one sweep of the hand.
He drops them again and now starts the roh set. The player must attempt to turn over all the biji bekel so the roh side is now facing up. It is permitted to pick up more than one group of the set number while the ball is being thrown in the air. For example if the player is picking up groups of two while the ball is being thrown in the air, he may grab three groups of two bekel. The action of grabbing a set number of bekel is called cek.
If the player moves any of the biji bekel that he is not attempting to pick up, or if he drops any of the biji bekel in his hand, he loses his turn and it goes to the next player. A skilled player can go through many sets of the game before he makes a mistake and has to turn the bekel over to the next player. The player that completes the most sets without making a mistake is considered the winner of the game.
The name is derived from the Dutch game”bikkelen” using the same copper “bikkels”.
Congklak has its origins in either Africa or the Arab world, depending on which scholar’s theory you choose to believe. Some of the oldest evidence was found in National Geographic-sponsored archaeological diggings dating back to 7,000 to 5,000 BC in present-day Jordan. Even within Indonesia, Congklak is known by different names from region to region. The most common name, Congklak, is taken from the cowrie shell, which is commonly used to play the game. This game consist of two items, namely playing board and playing pieces. The playing board is made from wood, with variations from island to island in the number of holes on each side, either 5, 6, 7 or 9 holes. All the boards have two ‘store house’ holes, one on each end. The design varies from simple, unadorned woods, to boat-shaped boards, to highly decorated playing boards. Whilst stones, seeds and shells are used as pieces for the game.